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Lighting Controls Keep Energy Costs Down, Visual Quality Up

Motion Sensor

Taking advantage of natural daylight  using dimmers, sensors

Lighting control systems, a standard in new construction, are fast becoming mainstream in retrofit applications.

From dimming to controlling lighting based on whether a room is occupied or not, the technology being applied to energy efficient lighting products is creating huge savings in energy, and also satisfying demands for environmental sustainability.

Added to that is the growing trend of turning off or dimming the lights when there is adequate daylight within a building, or what is called daylight harvesting.

Savings from daylight harvesting can cut lighting energy use in some buildings by up to 80 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program.

To understand exactly what lighting products are on the market and what the potential savings are, it’s important to work with qualified, professional lighting consultants that create energy-efficient lighting systems that fit your business.

Lumenistics understands the complexity of lighting controls and works to understand their customer’s needs to incorporate the right control systems in their designs.

The flexibility and control these systems offer building owners and managers results in added comfort, reduced energy and increased productivity for occupants.

There are three basic lighting control systems:

  1. automatic shut-off controls
  2. photosensor dimming
  3. load management

Automatic shut-off controls

Occupancy sensors turn lights on or off based on the existence of a person in the space controlled by the sensor.

There are three types of sensors:

  1. infrared sensors – emit beams of light invisible to the human eye, when the beam pattern is broken by an occupant passing through the lights are turned on
  2. ultrasonic sensors – detect movements of occupants through sound waves, similar to how Doppler radar is used to detect rain from radio waves
  3. sound sensors – listen to the sound around them to detect the presence of occupants

Sensors are designed to monitor small areas but can be linked together to control the lights in a large area.

Time based controllers can turn lights off based on a predetermined amount of time or based on the hour of day or day of the week.

Light sensor dimming

Automatic daylight dimming, or “daylight harvesting,” uses a light sensor to measure the amount of natural light in a space.

The light sensor generates a signal based on natural light levels that is sent to dimming ballasts to adjust the level of the lighting fixtures.

Load management

Load management is defined as reducing customer peak electric loads at times of supply constraints.

Utility companies will offer reduced electric rates if they are allowed to dim the lights down by a small percentage when their system is reaching peak load to help prevent brownouts and blackouts.

The range of lighting control systems include:

  • dimmers
  • timers
  • occupancy/vacancy sensors
  • daylight sensors
  • photocells
  • shading systems
  • relay cabinets
Typical Lighting Control Applications
Type of ControlPrivate OfficeOpen Office – DaylitOpen Office – Interior
Occupancy Sensors

++

++

++

Time Scheduling

+

++

++

Daylight Dimming

++

++

0

Bi-Level Switching

++

+

+

Demand Lighting

+

++

++

++ = good savings potential
+ = some savings potential
0 = not applicable

 

Operating Cost Comparison
Private Office, 128 sq. ft.
PerformanceBase CaseOccupancy SensorsDaylightingOccupancy Sensor + Daylighting
Annual Energy Usea

450 kWh

340 kWh

330 kWh

250 kWh

Annual Energy Cost

$33

$24

$24

$18

Annual Energy Cost Savings

$9

$9

$15


a Average daily “on” hours for wall switch is 14.7. Average daily occupied hours for the office is 12.9.

Operating Cost Comparison
Open Office Area, 1000 sq. ft.
PerformanceBase CaseTime SchedulingOccupancy SensorsDaylightingTime Scheduling + Daylighting
Annual Energy Use

5700 kWh

5100 kWh

5000 kWh

4200 kWh

3700 kWh

Annual Energy Cost

$340

$305

$300

$250

$220

Annual Energy Cost Savings

$35

$40

$90

$120

Average daily “on” hours for wall switch is 9.1. Average daily occupied hours for the office is 6.8.
Source: Department of Energy

The options are many, the details complex. Don’t let them overwhelm you. Call Lumenistics and let us help you achieve your goals for energy-efficient lighting.

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Sources used for this article:

 

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Headquarters:
7890 Center Point 70 Blvd
Huber Heights, Ohio 45424
Colorado
6525 Gunpark Drive
Suite 370-279
Boulder, CO 80301
(888) LUMENS-8   ::   (888) 586-3678

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